Charging an EV at a housing company
EV charging also works in a housing company. -the house rules should be agreed upon in advance.
EV charging can be done within a housing company, just as it is at a one-family house. It is recommended to always ask permission from the housing company in advance, whether charging a vehicle or installing a fixed charging device. A resident should therefore not charge their vehicle, e.g. from an engine-block heater socket in the car park, without separate permission from the housing company,
The board of the housing company should hold a meeting to discuss and make a decision upon whether to allow vehicle charging and the possible renewal of/changes in the electricity network. The technical procedures required for EV charging vary, e.g. according to the age of the housing company and the resources of the electricity network.
In most cases, the parking areas of housing companies are not designed for EV charging. The Charging method in the housing company depends greatly, for exampe, on the vehicle and the technical properties of the company's parking facilities. Charging safety should always be ensured before charging an EV, and this is done through the charging method survey, carried out by one of PlugIt's technical specialists, who can also give advice on the best alternative at the installation stage.
Alternatives for EV charging in a housing company
1. A fixed charging device (at the cost of the car user)
The most typical scenario in a housing company is where the resident covers the cost of the EV charging device to be installed at their own parking place. A fixed charging device is always the most advisable alternative for charging an EV: charging is both safe and convenient. The car can be charged with a higher current with a fixed charging device, as it is aways attempted to draw a separate input cable to the charging device from the main electricity supply or from the property's supply. An meter is used to check the allocation of the costs to the user of the chargeable vehicle.
2. Charging from a regular Schuko socket
If there are block heater sockets in the housing company parking area, they can generally be used for charging an EV at a low current (6A-8A), even if all the other cars in the housing company are plugged in for heating. The costs incurred by charging can be allocated correctly with the aid of a meter installed in the heating socket. There is usually a 2-hour timer in the heating socket, which can make charging difficult, as it takes an average of between 4 and 12 hours to charge a vehicle.
3. Charging devices in the company's own places
EV charging devices can also be acquired by the housing company for use in its own car parking places (with the approval of all shareholders). It should also be ensured in this case that the electricity consumed while charging is paid by the resident using the service.
Allocation of EV charging costs within a housing company
The annual price of charging a chargeable vehicle is approximately six times greater than heating a regular car with a block heater. It should always be possible to allocate the costs incurred by EV charging to the user of the vehicle. Generally speaking the housing company requires that the power used to charge an EV can be measured in order to allocate the costs. An energy meter is integrated into some charging devices, otherwise one can be installed, encased in its own box, by the side of the charging device.
For the purpose of calculating electricity consumption, a system could be set up where e.g. the housing manager/janitor is informed of the energy meter reading every three months. Additionally, it could be arranged that a maintenance worker takes an annual reading of the meter to check that the readings notified by the users tally with actual consumption. When the charging point is installed, the first instalment can be paid in advance, in the same way as a deposit is paid on renting an apartment. In this way the housing company has three months to stop distribution of electricity if the following instalment is not paid.
The EV charging points around today are not furnished with a remotely readable energy meter that would be sufficiently precise for invoicing purposes. Even if there were such a meter, the previously existing electricity network would have to be sealed up, in other words under the ownership of the energy company, so that it would be impossible to intercept the electricity before it is registered on the meter. Neither is there any remotely readable software from which to send the customer their invoice.
EV charging in a housing company: points to remember for the housing manager / board:
If you have any questions concerning EV charging within a housing company, feel free to leave a contact request.